Assignment No. 3 in Philippine History (1st Sem, AY 2011-2012)

Give at least 5 contributions or legacies of each of the following countries that colonized the Philippines in the past. 


Example:
A. USA - 1. USA introduced Protestantism to the Filipinos.
                2. 
                3.
                4.
                5.


A. Spain


B. United States of America


C. Japan

44 comments:

Jehdama Teja said...

ANSWERS:

A. SPAIN

1. Roman Catholic Church
2. Spanish Baroque Architecture
3. Fiestas
4. Spanish Surnames
5. The Walled City of Intramuros
6. Universities
7. Horse racing


B. USA
1. America helped the Philippines to eliminate the Spaniards in the country thus helping the Filipinos to end the suffering from the Spanish reign. This was the first step of the country to stand on their own and start a new beginning.
2. Western style of clothing - this was also adapted as it is evident with the radical change from the conservative Maria Clara to the daring trends of fashion of the modern era.
3. Communication - The Americans brought English, the lingua franca of the modern world.
4. Principles - progressive liberal ideologies such as egalitarianism, democracy and equality
5. Education - they endowed an educational system patterned after that of the U.S. They sent educators in the Philippines which are known as Thomasites. However, American style of re-education was amero-centric in nature, causing Philippine society to self stigmatize itself in favor of american-centered products and ideologies.

C.JAPAN

1. Bushido or code of chivalry
2. Kana alphabet written in 2 styles, Hiragana (cursive) and Katakana (angular)
3. Shinto Religion
4. Literary Forms such as Kabuki (classical play), No (kyrical play), Tanka (31-syllable poem)
5. Dignified Social Customs such as Cha-no-yu (tea drinking ceremony) and Ikebana (flower arrangement)
6. Landscape Gardening
7. Manly Sports such as Judo (art of self-defense), Kendo, (fencing) Sumo (wrestling)


SUBMITTED BY:
JEHDAMA TEJA
BSBA

Mary Lare Alexine M. Rivera said...

Mary Lare Alexine M. Rivera
BSA - 1
Answers:
A. Spain
1. Infrastructure showing Spanish domination were constructed.
2. The ceremonial splendour of the Roman Catholic Church aroused the administration of the natives.
3. Education was still in the early stage of development.
4. Books were being printed by xylographic method, using engraved wood blocks.
5. Transported through galleons were plants and Spaniards also brought some animals.
B. United States of America
1. The English language was used to transmit these new ideas.
2. The film clips showed recent happening and natural calamities.
3. Cartooning began to blossom after the American colonial goverment.
4. The young generation enthusiastically welcomed American jazz ang swing music.
5. Protestant Christianity was introduced by the American.
C. Japan
1. The worsening food crisis reached a point where the populace started eating plain lugaw.
2. Bayongs (woven buri bags) of small bills were carried to market.
3. The board also adopted the semestral system, with vacation long enough for the students to rest, and for the rainy season to lessen disruption of classes.
4. A number of writers began to create short stories and verses similar to the Japanese haiku.
5. Smoking, cockfighting, dice games, mahjong, jueteng, monte and other card games became common pastimes.

Anonymous said...

AIZA A. ESCLEO
BSE-ENG


--*

A. Spain

-Roman Catholic
-Spanish Baroque Architecture
-Fiestas
-Introduced the Philippines to the world and was placed on the world map (with its rediscovery)
-Education, brought by the Friars (Jesuits, Dominicans, Agustinians)


B. United States of America

-The name Thomasite was adopted for these
teachers, who firmly established education
-Government
-Independence-America helped the Philippines
to eliminate the Spaniards in the country
thus helping the Filipinos to end the
suffering from the Spanish reign.
-Western style of clothing
-Sports (like basketball)


C. Japan

-technology
-architecture
-flower arranging
-classic art
-tea ceremony


:)

Anonymous said...

DARYL JOHN B. DE GUZMAN
BSIT-IV
407-2045
Friday 4:00-7:00

5 contributions or legacies of the following countries that colonized the Philippines in the past;

A.SPAIN
1. They named our country "PHILIPPINES" from their king Philip II
2. Introduced ROMAN CATHOLIC to Filipinos
3. Some language we use like chavacano
4. Surname like dela cruz(of the Cross), Buatista(Baptist) and etc.
5. Spanish contributes some of their holidays like dec.25 christmas,jan.1 new year, etc.

B.USA(United State of America)
1. English language
2. American educate the filipinos
3. US introduced Democracy in the Philippines
4. Financial to rebuild our Country
5. Own government

C.JAPAN
1. Japanese language
2. Culture
3. Trading Economy
4. Their food
5. How to marched until death

Anonymous said...

Pagaling, Fherly F.
2nd Year 1st Semester BSHRM
Philippine History
Thursday 10:00am-1:00pm

Give at least 5 contributions or legacies of each of the following countries that colonized the Philippines in the past.

A. Spain

1. Tagalog language contains many borrowed Spanish words that we use even up to now.

2. Spanish first names and surnames are used until now, as a result of a colonial decree for the implementation of Spanish naming system.

3. Spain introduced Roman Catholicism (Christianity) in the Philippines.

4. Spain introduced Philippines to the world and was placed on the world map with its discovery. It also named our country las islas felipenas after King Philip II to its modern name of Philippines.

5. Spain taught us different cultures and traditions like fiestas, religious holidays, wedding and death customs. It also taught us different cuisines like paella, adobo, escabeche, and longganisa.

B. United States of America

1. US introduced to Philippines their education system. They imposed the English language as the lingua franca in the Philippines thru free public education which resulted to a high social status of most Filipinos.

2. US thru the Homestead Act gave Filipinos the right to own any civil land up to 24 hectares.

3. US thru Frank Murphy granted Filipino women rights as they were allowed to vote and participate in politics, to work in the government, and to pursue their studies in college.

4. US thru the Jones Law allowed the existence of Philippine Legislature and promised the Philippine independence from the US.

5. US thru the Tydings McDuffie Act allowed the drafting of the Philippine Constitution and to establish the Philippine Commonwealth, an agreement to liberate the Philippines in ten years.

C. Japan

1. Japan increased the perception of Philippines as a Southeast Asian nation. The Japanese regime moved us closer to the rest of the Southeast Asian nations in political relationships and cultural perceptions.

2. Japan created a more aggressive Filipino society. The violence during Japanese regime contributed to a Philippine society that is more prepared to use aggressiveness against colonizers.

3. Japan taught the system of fish pond in the Philippines.

4. Japan greatly embraced the pottery industry of the Philippines. Philippine jars were more precious than gold to the Japanese which gave way for Philippines to trade with other countries.

5. Japanese laborers working in Philippine plantations rose so high that Davao became progressive and soon became known as Little Japan or Ko Nippon Koku in Japanese.

Anonymous said...

Ronnel A. Mindanao
(BSBA)

A.Spain

1.Hispanic influence on Filipino culture are customs and traditions of the Philippines which originated from three centuries of Spanish colonization.
2.many of the Spanish elements in the culture of the Philippines have become part of the country's traditions.
3. There are thousands of Spanish loan words in most Filipino languages and a Spanish creole language called Chavacano is spoken by about one million Filipinos in the southern Philippines.
4. The name of the Philippines comes from the king of Spain Philip II.
5. Spain introduced christianism to the Filipinos.


B.United States of America

1.The Filipinos, just like other colonized people, fought for independence from colonial rule.
2.So the Philippines became independent because they conquered by America.
3.United States of America gave more information and also gave Thomasites crying by the ship of Thomas.
4.They are also the only one occupation in the country that had evenly pilipino viewing.
5.They also gave us time to independence and 10 years they have also maintained with the help of law stated tyding - McDuffie.


C.Japan

1.The trade relationship between Japan and the Philippines have give change the lives of Filipinos.
2.Among the contributions of the Japanese are making weapons and tools.
3.And care of ducks and shovel-fishpond.
4.democracy, fast food, mini skirt, a television phone.
5.Relations between Japan and the Philippines dates back to at least the late Muromachi period of Japanese history.

Anonymous said...

ROVILYN A. DALAPAG
BSA-1

SPAIN:
* The Roman Catholic Church
* Universities
* Fiestas
* The Walled City of Intramuros
* Spanish Surnames

UNITED STATES OF THE AMERICA:
* The American legacy in the Philippines rests upon an indigenous Filipino culture
* Education
* Democracy and Freedom
* Language
* Being connected to bussiness

JAPAN:
* Taxes
* Manga books
* Anime
* Noodles
* Technology and robots

Anonymous said...

Ann Mel Rose D.Espartero
BSA-1

1.japan
a.during the war we learned to take our shoes off before entering the house...
b.japanes left a scar of oppression in the heart of filipino people espacially those victims of world war 2.
c. The Japanese made some changes in the system of education.
d.There were Filipinos spies hired by the Japanese to point those who were suspected of being part of the guerilla movement.
e.WWII was the point of inflection for the freedom of all the old colonies, the Philippines included.

2.united states of america
a.American Influences can still be seen in the country's system of education, literature, art, architecture, science, industry, home, food, clothes, religion, pastimes, music and dances.
b.The influence of the American culture brought about good and bad aspects to the Philippines.
c. New technologies were introduced to the country
d. the Americans influenced the Filipinos in terms of the way they eat,
e.to love the American culture and most of all, to prioritize American products.

3.spain
a.focused more on religion.
b.The Spanish culture was more enjoyed and welcomed by the Filipino-Spanish families and the wealthy Filipino families.
c.The literary world became rich in legends, epics, folktales, riddles, country songs, wise cracks and etc.
d.Women had minor roles in the society but were respected by men.
e.In the music world, some old country songs can still be heard today. Some of these are "Manang Biday" and "Pamulinawen" from the Ilocanos, "Sitsiritsit" and "Doon Po Sa Amin" of the Tagalogs, "Atin Ku Pung Singsing" from the Pampangos, and "Ako Kini si Anggi" from the Visayas.

Anonymous said...

Gayagaya,Angelie BEED-1
A.SPAIN
1.Las Siete Partidas were the legal basis of Spains colonial policy in the Philippines.
2.The government which Spain established in the Philippines was centralized in structures.
3.Spain had earlier dispatched the first truly momentous exploration in modern times.
4.Spain gained the right of owner ship over all the lands found east of the land.
B.USA
1.Fight for true independence.
2.Access to education by the poor.
3.The United States adopted the policy of gradual substitution of american with Filipino personnel in government services as one of the governing principle of American colonial policy.
4.The American Educational system prepared the Filipinos administration civil services an advantage in the Filinization of government.
5.The American's contribution in the area of Public Health and welfare was the introduction of a scientific program to look after the health of every Filipino.
C.JAPAN
1.The Japanese authorities resorted to channel thier concerted efforts to propaganda strategy in order to win symphathy of the Flipinos and made them believed the Japanese intention to see philippines become a republic.
2.The Japanese published the Philippines review and Pilars both containing propaganda materials about japan.
3.The Japanese authorities discourage the Filipinos from writing in englised.
4.The Japanese airplanes dropped leaflets on bataan specially in war zones,urging the filipino soldiers to surrender and to desert the American comrades-in-arm s,but the couraglous Phillipines army just ignored the Japanese propaganda.
5.The fact remains that the Japanese purpose encouraging Filipino writer to wright in tagalog rather than in English,Helped to a great extent these writers in Tagalog to rediscover the beauty and the promise the potentialities or his native language-FILPINO.

Anonymous said...

Assignment No. 3 in Philippine History
Submitted to: Sir Marlon B. Raquel
Submitted by: Jenelyn B. Cometa BEED 1

A. Spain
1 SPANIARDS introduced Catholicism to the Filipinos.
2.SPANIARDS introduced taxation without Representation to the Filipinos.
3.SPANIARDS introduced polo y Servicio Personal or Prestacion Personal to the Filipinos.
4 SPANIARDS introduced Encomiendas: Royal and Private to the Filipinos.
5. SPANIARDS introduced the Manila – Acapulco Galleon Trade to the Filipinos.

B. United States of America
1. USA introduced Progress in Education to the Filipinos.
2. USA introduced Public Health and Welfare to the Filipinos.
3. USA introduced Trade Commerce, and Industry to the Filipinos.
4. USA introduced Transportation and communication to the Filipinos.
5. USA introduced Political Consciousness to the Filipinos.

C.JAPAN
1. JAPAN introduced Education Re- Orientation to the Filipinos.
2. JAPAN introduced The Republic to the Filipinos.
3. JAPAN introduced Cultural Aspects to the Filipinos.
4. JAPAN introduced Social Conditions to the Filipinos.
5. JAPAN introduced Economic Conditions to the Filipinos.

Anonymous said...

A. Spain

1. It is said in the island that the chieftain did not die or that at least nobody ever saw him die and the islanders believe he has been turned into a stone and is forever guarding the seas of Mactan.

2. As the story was told to me it may slightly differ if it be true or not I still believe these invaders did more then barter and glad hand with the Rajahs of the Philippines.

3. It was the original Villalobos expedition, and the naming of "the Islas Filipinas", which successfully reasserted the Spanish claims over the Portuguese, who had been disputing their neighbour's claims since Magellan's first footfall.

4. The famous English mariner Sir Francis Drake (his statue in Plymouth, England pictured), having been plundering Spanish

5. The Spanish certainly acquired wealth from the Philippines but it didn't come easy. Whilst they came close to a loss with Drake, they were to lose their prized possession comprehensively twice over the course of time.

B. United States of America

1. In the report that they issued to the president the following year, the commissioners acknowledged Filipino aspirations for independence;

2. Filipino historian Teodoro Agoncillo writes of "American Apostasy", saying that it was the Americans who first approached Aguinaldo in Hong Kong and Singapore to persuade him to cooperate with Dewey in wresting power from the Spanish.

3. The American military strategy in the Philippines shifted from a conventional footing against Spain to a suppression footing against the insurrection. Tactics were changed toward control of key areas and segregation of the civilian population from the guerrilla population.

4. Naval Lieutenant J.C. Gilmore, whose release was forced by American cavalry pursuing Aguinaldo into the mountains, insisted that he had received “considerable treatment” and that he was no more starved than were his captors.

5. It should be noted that the number of Filipino casualties was at the time, and still is, intensely debated and politicized.

C. Japan

1. The war officially ended on July 4, 1902.

2. Aguinaldo then established himself in Hong Kong.

3. Aguinaldo reports agreeing to return to the Philippines, traveling from Singapore to Hong Kong aboard the steamship Malacca, onwards from Hong Kong on American dispatch-boat McCulloch, and arriving in Cavite on May 19

4. I asked whether it was true that he had sent all the telegrams to the Consul at Singapore, Mr. Pratt, which that gentleman had told me he received in regard to myself. The Admiral replied in the affirmative, adding that the United States had come to the Philippines to protect the natives and free them from the yoke of Spain.

5. Eventually Aguinaldo and his faction gained control of the leadership of the movement.




TALISIC , ELLEN JOY C.
BSIT - I
4-7 PM (FRI.)

Anonymous said...

May P. Javar
ACT II

A.Spain

1.The greatest legacy of Spain to the Filipinos is the Christianity which is the Roman Catholic.
2.Spain improved the diet of the people by introducing the new food such as corn, wheat, potatoes etc. which the Filipinos learned to eat bread.
3.They introduced holidays such as fiestas and religion day.
4.The Spanish also introduced the concepts of sugar producing and farming.
5.Spanish contribute a Colonial Mentality to the Filipinos.

B.United State of America

1.One of the greatest contributions of USA to the Filipinos is Education. They endowed an educational system pattern.
2.The independence also contribute by the USA to the Philippines because America helped the Philippines to eliminate the Spaniards in the country through helping the Filipinos to end the suffering from the Spaniards reign.
3.Other contribution of USA was sports which Filipinos favourite sports had been basketball, and other foreign sports instead of the national sports which is sipa.
4.The USA brought English the Lingua Franca of the modern world in addition to progress such as egalitarism, democracy and equality.
5.They also contribute the western style of clothing which is this was also adapted as it is evident with the radical change from the conservative Maria Clara to a daring trends of fashion of a modern era.

C.Japan

1.Japanese introduced the system of fish pond to the Filipinos.
2.Japanese teach us how to march in death.
3.The Japanese teach us to learned how to take off our shoes before entering the house.
4.The Spanish legacy in the Philippines was a long one and a lot of the spices and sauces found there way into Philippines food. Natural preservatives like vinegar were also introduced and became accepted into the Philippines cuisine.
5.They also introduced entertainment movies like tamagotshi etc.

Anonymous said...

JENELYN BARJA BSE

A,SPAIN
1. Introduced the customs and tradition
2" the Language called Chavacano
3.contributed arts, literature and music.
4.influences of Spanish cuisine
5.introduced Hispanic Traditions with catholic icons.

B.UNITED STATE OF AMERICA
1.Political and administrative changes
2.Filipino Tradition were Incourage
3.Democracy
4.Culture and tradition
5.Introduced the value of Christianity.

C.japan
1. Introduced the system of economy,agriculture
2.contributed culture wise
3.Teach us how to march to Death
4.contributed the food,Friendship,language
5.World war2 were engaged

Anonymous said...

ROWENA MUNOZ BEED
SPAIN;
1.Culture and tradition.
2.language.
3.name of Philippines.
4.Filipino Spanish surname.
5.Religion.
USA;
1.Education.
2.Infrastructure.
3.democracy.
4.culture and tradition.
5.value of Christianity.
JAPAN;
1..economy.
2.agriculture.
3.electronics.
4.automobile parts.
5.textile and garments.

Anonymous said...

Madel B. Consulta
BSE-MATH

1.
*Spanish
- Roman Catholic Church
- Spanish Baroque Architecture
- Fiestas
- Spanish Surnames
- Universities
*United states
-culture
-politics
-technology
-legal English institute
-formal school
*Japan
-Corruption
-Taxes
-Robbery or Stealing
-Brutal killing/punishment
-Abuse of woman

Anonymous said...

Bubuli Anjanette P.
beed-1

1.SPAIN
- Roman Catholic Church
- Spanish Baroque Architecture
- Fiestas
- Spanish Surnames
- The Walled City of Intramuros
- Universities
- Horse racing
- Jai-Alai
- Destilerias
- Azucareras

2.JAPAN
-they introduced the system of fish pond
-they introduced technology
-corruption
-abuse of woman
- taxes
3.USA
-they introduce democracy
-and they introduce law
-thay introduce prostestantism

andebs said...

Ana Deborah B. Guerrero BSIT
Philippine History 4pm to 7pm in the afternoon

USA Contributions
1. Public Education
2. Public Health
3. Democratic Institutions
4. Hatred of communism
5. The American Language
6. Industrial Development

SPAIN Contributions
1. Christianity/ Roman Catholic Church
2. The Eduaction Brought by the Friars
3. Barter Trade between Mexico and the Philippines
4.Introduced the Philppines to the world and was placed on the world map
5. The Fiestas

JAPAN Contributions
1.Abuse of woman
2.Brutal killing/punishment
3.Tariff inequalities
4.Robbery or Stealing
5.Implemented Tax

harold peter q medina said...

harold peter q medina
bshrm

1.Political Aggrandizement
2. economic Profits
3.Cultural

1 Ancient indigenous belief
2 Judaism
3 Bahá i Faith
4 Buddhism
5 Christianity

Anonymous said...

FELITA J. CALIBOSO
BSE-1

A.SPAIN
- Roman Catholic Church
- Spanish Baroque Architecture
- Fiestas
- Spanish Surnames
- The Walled City of Intramuros
B.UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
-US introduced democracy in the Philippines and the English language, which is a significant contribution.
-Filipino overseas workers
-Education
-Culture
-Politics
C.JAPAN
-They teach us how to march to death.
-they taught us how to be disciplined. they strengthened our country and at the same time we were abused by them.
-Corruption
-Robbery or Stealing
-Abuse of woman

MARIO RECEDES said...

MARIO Z. RECEDES JR
BSHRM 2

A.SPAIN
1. Spain legacy in the Philippines
2.-Philippines is already a testimony of Spain legacy
3.philip wasn't a king yet when villalobos named the country "filipinas"
4. Philippines had been influence by many language like, spanish,
5.

USA
1.The Philippine–American War,
2

Anonymous said...

Philippine History
Bryan Gibbs Echaluse
BSE-ENG I

A) U.S.A

1.Education
2.Technology
3.architecture
4.English language
5.basketball sports

B)SPANISH

1.Roman Catholic Church
2.Fiestas
3.The Walled City of Intramuros
4. Spanish surnames
5. Spanish Baroque Architecture

C) JAPAN

1.Slippers
2.Noodles
3.They taught us how to be disciplined
4.Cartoons anime

Anonymous said...

MENDOZA CHRISTIAN L.
B.S.H.R.M

Give at least 5 contributions or legacies of each of the following countries that colonized the Philippines in the past.


A. Spain

1.In 1565, King Philip II appointed Miguel Lopez de Legazpi as the first Governor-General of the Philippines.

2.Spain's legacy was the conversion of the people to Catholicism and the creation of the privileged landed class.

3.The name of the Philippines comes from the king of Spain Philip II.

4.Other native Filipino names are spelled using Spanish orthography

5. Narciso Clavería, decreed the systematic distribution of surnames and the implementation of the Spanish naming system for Filipinos and Filipinas, thereby producing the Catálogo Alfabético de Apellidos (“Alphabetical Catalogue of Surnames")

B. United States of America

1. On May 1, 1898, the Americans led by U.S. Navy Admiral George Dewey, in participation of Emilio Aguinaldo, attacked the Spanish Navy in Manila Bay.

2.the Philippines was ceded to the United States by Spain in 1898 after a payment of US$ 20 million to Spain in accordance with the "Treaty of Paris" ending the Spanish-American War.

3. William Howard Taft was appointed as the first U.S. governor of the Philippines

4. The U.S. passed the Jones Law in 1916 establishing an elected Filipino legislature with a House of representatives & Senate.

5.In 1934, the Tydings-McDuffie Act was passed by the U.S. Congress, established the Commonwealth of the Philippines and promised Philippine independence by 1946.


C. Japan

1.In the 1400's the Japanese also established a trading post at Aparri in Northern Luzon.

2.They teach us how to march to death.

3.They teach us how to march to death.

4.The Japanese civilized the Philippines to dominate the Philippines.

5.Japanese government in fostering friendship with Filipinos through a program of honoring Filipinos born of Japanese

Anonymous said...

jelabilyn cabuntal
B.S.H.R.M

Give at least 5 contributions or legacies of each of the following countries that colonized the Philippines in the past.


A. Spain



1.Spain's legacy was the conversion of the people to Catholicism and the creation of the privileged landed class.

2.The name of the Philippines comes from the king of Spain Philip II.

3.Other native Filipino names are spelled using Spanish orthography

4. Narciso Clavería, decreed the systematic distribution of surnames and the implementation of the Spanish naming system for Filipinos and Filipinas, thereby producing the Catálogo Alfabético de Apellidos (“Alphabetical Catalogue of Surnames")

5.In 1565, King Philip II appointed Miguel Lopez de Legazpi as the first Governor-General of the Philippines.

B. United States of America

1. On May 1, 1898, the Americans led by U.S. Navy Admiral George Dewey, in participation of Emilio Aguinaldo, attacked the Spanish Navy in Manila Bay.

2.the Philippines was ceded to the United States by Spain in 1898 after a payment of US$ 20 million to Spain in accordance with the "Treaty of Paris" ending the Spanish-American War.

3. William Howard Taft was appointed as the first U.S. governor of the Philippines

4. The U.S. passed the Jones Law in 1916 establishing an elected Filipino legislature with a House of representatives & Senate.

5.In 1934, the Tydings-McDuffie Act was passed by the U.S. Congress, established the Commonwealth of the Philippines and promised Philippine independence by 1946.


C. Japan

1.In the 1400's the Japanese also established a trading post at Aparri in Northern Luzon.

2.They teach us how to march to death.

3.They teach us how to march to death.

4.The Japanese civilized the Philippines to dominate the Philippines.

5.Japanese government in fostering friendship with Filipinos through a program of honoring Filipinos born of Japanese

Anonymous said...

A.SPAIN
1.spanish influence filipino culture
2.spanish taught us they aphabet
3.spanish taught us they language that we have now.
4.spanish taught us grammatical and numerous words
5.. Spanish-Mexican culture and Christianity has influenced the customs and traditions of the Philippines.
Every year on the 3rd week of January, the Philippines celebrates the festival of the "Santo Niño" (Holy Child Jesus), the largest being held in Cebu City.


B.1.USA-introduced the protestantism to the Filifinos.
2.USA introduced imperialism to the filifinos
3.The thomasites built contributions lay down the U.S army built many schools here in the philipines.
4.they contibute pension plans
5.

C.JAPAN
1.They inroduced they writing like katakana, haragana, kanji.
2.On January 24, 1972, the last Japanese World War II holdout, Sergeant Shoichi Yokoi, was discovered in the cave in which he been hiding since his unit was scattered by the advancing Americans in July 1944. Sergeant Yokoi's cave at Talafofo falls has been preserved as a popular attraction for visitors.
3.japanese show they suit or clothes here in the philipines like kimono.
4.japanese contribute restaurants
5.japanese export their foods like noodles here in the philipines.


GOMEZ,ESTELITA G. BSBA

Anonymous said...

LAILA R. REMOT
BSA-1
5110073
SEPT. 24,2011

A. USA

1. THEY BUILT ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS AND LEARNING INSTITUTIONS SUCH AS THE PHILIPPINE NORMAL SCHOOL (NOW PHILIPPINE NORMAL UNIVERSITY) AND THE PHILIPPINE SCHOOL OF ARTS AND TRADES ( NOW TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES IN 1901.

2. THE TARLAC HIGH SCHOOL ON SEPT. 21, 1902 AND THE QUEZON NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL ( NOWQ, TAYABAS HIGH SCHOOL) ALSO IN 1902.

3. THE THOMASITES ALSO REOPENED THE PHILIPPINE NAUTICAL SCHOOL WHICH WAS ORIGINALLY ESTABLISHED BY THE BOARD OF COMMERCE OF MANILA IN 1839 UNDER SPAIN.

4. FOR THEIR CONTRIBUTION TO PHILIPPINE EDUCATION THE THOMASITES CENTENIAL PROJECT WAS ESTABLISHED IN COOPERATION W/ AMERICAN STUDIES ASSOCIATIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES, THE PHILIPPINE AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATION, THE EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA IN MANILA AND OTHER LEADING CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES.

5. THEY TRANSFORMED THE PHILIPPINES INTO THE THIRD LARGEST ENGLISH SPEAKING NATION IN THE WORLD AND THEY BECAME THE PRECURSORS OF THE PRESENT DAY U.S. PEACE CORPS VOLUNTEERS.

B. SPAIN

1. SINCE THE PHILIPPINES WAS A TERRITORIAL PART OF NEW SPAIN FOR 256 YEARS DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE SPANISH COLONIAl PERIOD. SPANISH LANGUAGE SPOKEN IN THE PHILIPPINES TODAY HAS GREAT AFFINITY TO MEXICAN SPANISH.

2. IN FACT, THE NUMBER OF MEXICAN SPANISH LOAN WORDS THAT EXIST IN VARIOUS INDIGENOUS FILIPINO LANGUAGE ARE OF NAHUATL ORIGIN THAT WERE FIRST INCORPORATED INTO MEXICAN SPANISH, AND WHICH DO NOT EXIST IN EUROPEAN SPANISH. THESE INCLUDE NANAY (NANTL), TATAY ( TATLE) BAYABAS ( FROM GUAYABAS (S) GUAVA ) ABOKADO,(AVOCADO) PAPAYA, ZAPOTE, ETC....

3. MOST FILIPINO INDIGENOUS LANGUAGES HAVE SIGNIFICANTLY ASSIMILATED ASPECTS OF THE SPANISH LANGUAGE AND CONTAIN THOUSANDS OF SPANISH ORIGIN ARE STILL USED IN CHABACANO, CEBUANO AND TAGALOG DESPITE SYSTEMATIC PURGES IN THE DECADES FOLLOWING PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE FROM THE UNITED STATES.

4. THE NAME OF THE COUNTRY ITSELF COMES FROM THE KING OF SPAIN, PHILIP II. THE NAME WAS GIVEN QSBY RUY LOPEZ DE VILLALOBOS WHO GAVE THE NAME TO THE SAMAR AND LEYTE REGIONS IN HIS EXPEDITION IN 1543. IT WAS LATER GIVEN TO ALL OF THE ISLANDS IN 1565 AFTER THE ARRIVAL OF THE SPAIN CONQUISTADORS.

5. ONE OF THE MOST VISIBLE MARKS LEFT BY SPANISH RULE IN THE PHILIPPINES IS THE PREVALENCE OF THE ROMAN CATHOLIC RELIGION AND HISPANIC NAMES AND SURNAMES AMONG MOST FILIPINOS. OVER 90% OF THE POPULATION ARE PREDOMINANTLY OF INDIGENOUS ANCESTRY. FILIPINOS OF CHINESE DESCENT WHO HAD BEEN SETTLING IN THE PHILIPPINES SINCE PRE- HISPANIC TIMES, CURRENTLY FORMS THE LARGEST NON- ANSTRONESIAN ETHNIC GROUP.

C. JAPAN

1. THE GREATEST CONTRIBUTION THAT AMERICA GAVE TO THE PHILIPPINES WAS EDUCATION, WHEN AMERICANS SENT TEACHERS THE PHILIPPINES CALLED TOMASITES.

2. Independence - America helped the Philippines to eliminate the Spaniards in the country thus helping the Filipinos to end the suffering from the Spanish reign.

3. The Filipino industry was limited to agricultural products such as sugar, coconut oil, manila hemp and cigarettes; the two cement plants were the only modernized industry.

4. I would say Education and we had adapted some forms of their Government

5. However, American style of re-education was amero-centric in nature, causing Philippine society to self stigmatize itself in favor of American-centered products and ideologies.

Anonymous said...

Emmanuel C.Pagaduan
BSE-Eng
ANSWER
SPAIN
1.Horse racing
2.The Walled City of Intramuros
3.Fiestas
4.Spanish Baroque Architecture
5.Roman Catholic Church
United States of America
1.the English language
2.US introduced democracy
3.Sports - Filipino favourite sport had been basketball, and other foreign sports instead of the national sports which is sipa.
4.Western style of clothing - this was also adapted as it is evident with the radical change from the conservative Maria Clara to the daring trends of fashion of the modern era.
5. Education - they endowed an educational system patterned after that of the U.S. They sent educators in the Philippines which are known as Thomasites. However, American style of re-education was amero-centric in nature, causing Philippine society to self stigmatize itself in favor of American-centered products and ideologies.

JAPAN
1.raising ducks or pagiitik
2.the game of "mahjong",
3.anime, tempura, tokyo tokyo,
4.Japanese "Mochi" (rice cake) which is similar to Filipino 'Palitao'.
5.Their influence is evident in the popularity of noodles (known as "Mami")

Anonymous said...

BALLESTEROS GENETH JOY
BSHRM-2


The contributions of the spaniards in the philippines:

a.spain:
1.They introduced to us the christianity.
2.Fiestas and religious holidays - they introduce holidays to us.
3.They introduce us some gamble like "sabong.
4.Names of the country, provinces and cities - some of our provinces named after the spaniards
5.Arts, literature and music - some of our music adapted from spaniards

B.Japan:
1.also had contributed a lot of things like culture wise, the foods, the friendship, the language, and the people.


2.the contribution of the Japanese in the Philippines is that they introduced the system of fish pond.


3.They teach us how to march to death.



C.USA:
1. the US introduced democracy in the Philippines and the English language.
2.when the americans came to the philippines, they introduced public education, public health and other "democratic" institutions" such as the supreme court, department of health, court of appeals.
3.the greatest legacy of US to the Philippines is public education...wherein during the Spanish regime, education is very limited to Filipinos and really costs a lot...Americans also let Filipinos learn their language and later provided us with global competency.
4.The greatest contribution that America gave to the Philippines was Education
When Americans sent Teachers tO the Philippines called tomasites.
5.USA introduced protestantism to the Filipinos.

Anonymous said...

Emmanuel C.Pagaduan
BSE-Eng
ANSWER
SPAIN
1.Horse racing
2.The Walled City of Intramuros
3.Fiestas
4.Spanish Baroque Architecture
5.Roman Catholic Church
United States of America
1.the English language
2.US introduced democracy
3.Sports - Filipino favourite sport had been basketball, and other foreign sports instead of the national sports which is sipa.
4.Western style of clothing - this was also adapted as it is evident with the radical change from the conservative Maria Clara to the daring trends of fashion of the modern era.
5. Education - they endowed an educational system patterned after that of the U.S. They sent educators in the Philippines which are known as Thomasites. However, American style of re-education was amero-centric in nature, causing Philippine society to self stigmatize itself in favor of American-centered products and ideologies.

JAPAN
1.raising ducks or pagiitik
2.the game of "mahjong",
3.anime, tempura, tokyo tokyo,
4.Japanese "Mochi" (rice cake) which is similar to Filipino 'Palitao'.
5.Their influence is evident in the popularity of noodles (known as "Mami")

Anonymous said...

Emmanuel C.Pagaduan
BSE-Eng
ANSWER
SPAIN
1.Horse racing
2.The Walled City of Intramuros
3.Fiestas
4.Spanish Baroque Architecture
5.Roman Catholic Church
United States of America
1.the English language
2.US introduced democracy
3.Sports - Filipino favourite sport had been basketball, and other foreign sports instead of the national sports which is sipa.
4.Western style of clothing - this was also adapted as it is evident with the radical change from the conservative Maria Clara to the daring trends of fashion of the modern era.
5. Education - they endowed an educational system patterned after that of the U.S. They sent educators in the Philippines which are known as Thomasites. However, American style of re-education was amero-centric in nature, causing Philippine society to self stigmatize itself in favor of American-centered products and ideologies.

JAPAN
1.raising ducks or pagiitik
2.the game of "mahjong",
3.anime, tempura, tokyo tokyo,
4.Japanese "Mochi" (rice cake) which is similar to Filipino 'Palitao'.
5.Their influence is evident in the popularity of noodles (known as "Mami")

Anonymous said...

Jessica Laggui
BSED

USA
1 .The greatest contribution of the US to the Philippine civilization is the system of public education.

2. Another major legacy is the widespread use of English.

3. The introduction of a scientific program of public health and welfare.

4. Partisan policy was one of the institutions which the American brought to the Philippines.

5. One of the most lasting American influences or contribution in the Philippines is the development of Filipino literature in English and the adoption of American words and phrases in the Philippine language.

SPAIN
1.CHRISTIANITY is not the only legacy of Spain to the Philippines. Language and literature, trade and commerce, plants and animals, art and architecture are the other areas where Philippine history and culture were immeasurably enriched by Spain.

2.Most Philippine languages were enriched by the Spanish language. "Mesa", "silya", "gobierno", etc., are some of the numerous Spanish words that are now part of many Philippine languages.

3.The churches, convents, and the world-famous Walled City of Intramuros are our Hispanic architectural and artistic heritages.

4.They also contribute stamps, which are called Japoccs by specialists, and are not particularly attractive, but they are interesting.

5.Folk dances and music have remained relatively intact in the 21st century. These were contributed from Spain.

JAPAN
1.They taught us how to be disciplined.They strengthened our country and at the same time we were abused by them.

2.The Japanese have been trading with the Philippines mainly in pottery and gold.

3.The arrival of the Japanese caused tremendous fear, hardships and suffering among the Filipinos.

4. The Filipino way of life was greatly affected during the Japanese period. The Filipinos lost their freedom of speech and expression. The development of art was also stopped.

5. Filipinos greatly feared the "zoning". There were Filipinos spies hired by the Japanese to point those who were suspected of being part of the guerilla movement. The Japanese made some changes in the system of education.

Anonymous said...

POTENCIO GLENDA S.
BSBA

Answer:
A. Spain: This civilization spanned the eighth to the fifteenth century 2.Of the Arab conquest, Muslims called the area of the Iberian Peninsula they occupied 3.until Muslim rule fell in 1091 to the Normans 4.The Muslims who arrived and settled in Andalus were called "Moors," ('dark') a corrupt and negative term referring to the people who came from Morocco 5.Muslims took control under the leadership of Tariq ibn Ziyad and his army of 12,000 troops.
B. United States of America

Anonymous said...

A. SPAIN -
1 . Spanish introduced Catholicism in the Philippines .
2 . Folk dance, music, and literature
3 . The oldest universities, colleges, vocational schools .
4 . Foods : Afretada , Mamon , Pastillas , Galletas , Tocino , Quezo , etc . .
5 . Our Surnames are from Spanish .

B. United States of America -
1 . Fast food, Sitcoms and Music.
2 . Hollywood movies
3 . Democracy
4 . Imported things
5 . Mini skirts ,Necktie , Suspenders , Thick Socks , etc. .

C. Japan -
1 . Japanese foods such as Siomai , Pancit , Noodles , etc. .
2 . Raising Ducks .
3 . Budhism .
4 . Entertainment : Videoke
5 . Self Defense : Judo , Karate .


Answered by :

RAGAS , JESSiCA A .
1ST YEAR BSE - MATH

Anonymous said...

PAGKALIWAGAN ZAIDAN O,
BSA-1
5110067

5 CONTRIBUTIONS AND LEGACIES OF EACH COUNTRY
1)SPAIN:
1. Language-Spanish language in the Philippines
2. Name of the Philippines
3. Religion in the Philippines- ROMAN catholic
4. Arts, Literature, and Music in the Philippines:
5. Business
2) USA: The following are some of the city streets and landmarks that retain their American names:
- Brent Road. A strip leading to the Brent International School was named after Right Reverend Charles Henry Brent. He came to the Philippines in the 1900s and became the first bishop of the Episcopalian Church in that country. In 1909, he founded the school named after him.
- Burnham Park. The city's most famous park was named after Daniel H. Burnham. He was a famous architect and urban planner from Chicago, Illinois, who came to Baguio in 1905 and laid out the plan in building the city.
When Woodrow Wilson became U.S. President in 1913, there was a major change in official American policy concerning the Philippines. While the previous Republican administrations had predicted the Philippines as a perpetual American colony, the Wilson administration decided to start a process that would slowly lead to Philippine independence. U.S. administration of the Philippines was declared to be temporary and aimed to develop institutions that would permit and encourage the eventual establishment of a free and democratic government. Therefore, U.S. officials concentrated on the creation of such practical supports for democratic government as public education and a sound legal system. The Philippines were granted free trade status, with the U.S.
3)JAPAN:
The Japanese military authorities immediately began organizing a new government structure in the Philippines. They initially organized a Council of State through which they directed civil affairs until October 1943, when they declared the Philippines an independent republic. The Japanese-sponsored republic headed by President José P. Laurel proved to be unpopular. aJapan’s efforts to win Filipino loyalty found expression in the establishment (Oct. 14, 1943) of a “Philippine Republic,” with José P. Laurel, former Supreme Court justice, as president. But the people suffered greatly from Japanese brutality, and the puppet government added little support. Meanwhile, President Quezon, who had escaped with other high officials before the country fell, set up a government-in-exile in Washington. When he died (Aug., 1944), Vice President Sergio Osmeña became president. Osmeña returned to the Philippines with the first liberation forces, which surprised the Japanese by landing (Oct. 20, 1944) at Leyte, in the heart of the islands, after months of U.S. air strikes against Mindanao. The Philippine government was established at Tacloban, Leyte, on Oct. 23.

Anonymous said...

LORIELYN SALAYSAY
BSBA-1

A.contribution of Spain to the Philippines.
1.Roman Catholic Church
2.Spanish Baroque Architecture
3.Fiestas
4.Spanish Surnames
5.The Walled City of Intramuros

B.United States of America


C.contribution of Japan to the Philippines.
1.they taught us how to be disciplined.
2.They strengthened our country.
3.They introduced the system of fish pond.
4.
5.

Anonymous said...

SPAIN
1.spain intoduce roman catholic to the filipinos.
2.discoverd bricks for building houses.
3.build the 1st men's school which is the colegio de san ignacio.
4.build the public school which is the ateneo de manila.
5.build the manila observatory in 1865 for giving warning to the coming of the storm...


USA
1.introduce protastines to the filipino.
2.introduce the real importance of education and they thought filipinos.
3.separation of religion and the government.
4.introduce the laissez fair.




richell i. dela cruz
5110096
10:00-1:00

Anonymous said...

Arabel May Razal
BSHRM-3

A.SPAIN
1.CHRISTIANITY is the first contribution of Spain to the Philippines.
2.Most Philippine languages are came from Spanish language.
3.Philippine history and culture were have been enriched by Spain.
4.customs
5.traditions

B. UNITED STATE OF AMERICA
1.American Influences the country education, literature, art, architecture, science, industry, home, food, clothes, religion, pastimes, music and dance
2.Protestan religion was accepted by the Filipinos.
3.New technologies were introduced to the country
4.Transportation and communication in the Philippines were developed.
5.The Filipinos learned how to read, speak and write English in a short matter of time.
C. JAPAN
1.they introduced the system of fish pond..
2.Digging of treasure..
4.The Filipinos lost their freedom of speech and expression.
5.The Japanese made some changes in the system of education.
`

Anonymous said...

Arabel May Razal
BSHRM-3

A.SPAIN
1.CHRISTIANITY is the first contribution of Spain to the Philippines.
2.Most Philippine languages are came from Spanish language.
3.Philippine history and culture were have been enriched by Spain.
4.customs
5.traditions

B. UNITED STATE OF AMERICA
1.American Influences the country education, literature, art, architecture, science, industry, home, food, clothes, religion, pastimes, music and dance
2.Protestan religion was accepted by the Filipinos.
3.New technologies were introduced to the country
4.Transportation and communication in the Philippines were developed.
5.The Filipinos learned how to read, speak and write English in a short matter of time.
C. JAPAN
1.they introduced the system of fish pond..
2.Digging of treasure..
4.The Filipinos lost their freedom of speech and expression.
5.The Japanese made some changes in the system of education.
`

Anonymous said...

Pascual,Gellie G.
BEED 1ST YEAR

1. A. SPAIN
1.Early Church
- Evangelization and persecution marked the period between Christ's death (circa 30 A.D.) and the Edict of Milan (313 A.D.).
2.Impact of the Roman Empire
-Roman persecution of Christians continued until Emperor Constantine legalized the faith with the Edict of Milan.
3.Development of Doctrine
-In the ensuing centuries, religious councils and leaders defined core Christian beliefs and practices, according to CatholicApologetics.org.
4.Great Schism
-In 1054, the united Christian church experienced its first recognizable breach into East (Greek) and West (Latin). Per the Catholic Encyclopedia, the Great Schism wasn't "the result of only one definite quarrel," but rather "a gradual estrangement
5.Renewal and Reformation

2.UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
1.Science and Invention
- African American inventors patented devices and instruments integral to our daily life such as the ironing board, the air conditioner, the cellular phone and peanut butter.
- Beginning in the 11th century, two groups of Christians sought to reform the political corruption of the Western church
2.Law and Politics
- African Americans shaped the law even before the end of slavery. Dred Scott and Frederick Douglass pushed for racial equality with limited success before Emancipation.
3.Sports
- African American athletes have challenged racism by excelling in a wide variety of sports. Ernie Davis (Heisman Trophy winner), Arthur Ashe (singles title winner at Wimbeldon), Jack Johnson (heavyweight boxing champion) and Jackie Robinson (professional baseball player) pioneered black participation in traditionally White-dominated sports.
4.Arts
- The literature and painting of the Harlem Renaissance in the late 1800s and early 1900s brought African American art to mainstream culture
5.Music
- African American Jazz and Blues musicians shaped and developed American music in fundamental way
3.JAPAN
1.Study a Period of History
-Art posters are rich sources of visual material about various periods in history. A collection of posters of great works of Renaissance art will enliven a classroom as students examine the clothing styles, personal relationships, architecture and domestic life, religious iconography and other data available when a work of art is deconstruction.
2.Study Art History
-A series of posters depicting a single concept or mythological figure throughout history shows the development of various art forms and the changes art undergoes over time.
3.Study Poster Propaganda
-Posters were created as original artworks to deliver messages about political and social movements.
4.Japan
-Japan has a rich array of monuments in the forms of shrines and temples.
5.food

Anonymous said...

CONINGCO GELAINE J.
BSBA 1
A.SPAIN
1.Spain introduced education to the Filipinos.
2.Spain introduced churches to the Filipinos.
3.Spain introduced Art and literature to the Filipinos.
4.Spain introduced Manner of dressing to the Filipinos.
5.Spain introduced New crops to the Filipinos.

B.UNITED STATE OF AMERICA
1.USA introduced arts and intertainment to the Filipinos.
2.USA introduced business to the Filipinos.
3.USA introduced government to the Filipinos.
4.USA introduced journalism to the Filipinos.
5.USA introduced health and medicines to the Filipinos.

c.JAPAN
1.JAPAN introduced education to the Filipinos.
2.JAPAN introduced technologies to the Filipinos.
3.JAPAN introduced transportation to the Filipinos.
4.JAPAN introduced health and medicines to the Filipinos.
5.JAPAN introduced weapons to the Filipinos.

Anonymous said...

grace mahilu
BSA III

A. Spain

-1.Founders of towns
-2.Hospitals & Asylums
-3.Churches
-4.System of Education
-5.New crops
-6.Arts & Literature
-7.New industries
-8.Manner of Dressing
-9.Forms of Amusement
-10.New Technology


B. United States of America
-1.

C. Japan

-1.culture wise
-2. the foods
-3.the friendship
-4.the language
-5.Digging of treasure
-6.system of fish pond

Anonymous said...

SPAIN
1. Christianism
2. Tradition
3. Festivities
4. Arts literature & Music
5. Cuisine like enpanada, ensaymada, caldereta, afritada, brazo de mercedes etc.

UNITED STATE OF AMERICA
1. when the americans came to the philippines, they introduced public education,
2. Public health and
3. "democratic" institutions"
4. supreme court,
5. department of health, court of appeals.

JAPAN
1.had contributed a lot of things like culture wise,
2. the foods like pansit
3. The friendship
4. The language to the people.
5. Religion and they teach us how to death march.


RADHIKA P. RIVERA
BEED I

Anonymous said...

Richmond A. Carable
BSHRM-II

1.Spain-Hispanic influence on Filipino culture are customs and traditions of the Philippines which originated from three centuries of Spanish[1] colonization. The Philippines has also received influences from the United States and other cultures of Asia such as Chinese, Malay, Hindu and Muslim. This makes the Philippines a multicultural society. Filipinos today speak a variety of different languages; the most common being Ilocano, Tagalog, Cebuano, English and Spanish. There are thousands of Spanish loan words in most Filipino languages and a Spanish creole language called Chavacano is spoken by about one million Filipinos in the southern Philippines.Hispanic influence on Filipino culture are customs and traditions of the Philippines which originated from three centuries of Spanish[1] colonization. The Philippines has also received influences from the United States and other cultures of Asia such as Chinese, Malay, Hindu and Muslim. This makes the Philippines a multicultural society. Filipinos today speak a variety of different languages; the most common being Ilocano, Tagalog, Cebuano, English and Spanish. There are thousands of Spanish loan words in most Filipino languages and a Spanish creole language called Chavacano is spoken by about one million Filipinos in the southern Philippines.

2.USA.-USA introduced Protestantism to the Filipinos.

Anonymous said...

5 contributions or legacies of the following countries that colonized the Philippines in the past;

A.SPAIN
1. They named our country "PHILIPPINES" from their king Philip II
2. Introduced ROMAN CATHOLIC to Filipinos
3. Some language we use like chavacano
4. Surname like dela cruz(of the Cross), Buatista(Baptist) and etc.
5. Spanish contributes some of their holidays like dec.25 christmas,jan.1 new year, etc.

B.USA(United State of America)
1. English language
2. American educate the filipinos
3. US introduced Democracy in the Philippines
4. Financial to rebuild our Country
5. Own government

C.JAPAN
1. Japanese language
2. Culture
3. Trading Economy
4. Their food
5. How to marched until death


carmina mae montorio
4-7pm

Anonymous said...

1. Roman Catholic Church
2. Spanish Baroque Architecture
3. Fiestas
4. Spanish Surnames
5. The Walled City of Intramuros
6. Universities
7. Horse racing


B. USA
1. America helped the Philippines to eliminate the Spaniards in the country thus helping the Filipinos to end the suffering from the Spanish reign. This was the first step of the country to stand on their own and start a new beginning.
2. Western style of clothing - this was also adapted as it is evident with the radical change from the conservative Maria Clara to the daring trends of fashion of the modern era.
3. Communication - The Americans brought English, the lingua franca of the modern world.
4. Principles - progressive liberal ideologies such as egalitarianism, democracy and equality
5. Education - they endowed an educational system patterned after that of the U.S. They sent educators in the Philippines which are known as Thomasites. However, American style of re-education was amero-centric in nature, causing Philippine society to self stigmatize itself in favor of american-centered products and ideologies.

C.JAPAN

1. Bushido or code of chivalry
2. Kana alphabet written in 2 styles, Hiragana (cursive) and Katakana (angular)
3. Shinto Religion
4. Literary Forms such as Kabuki (classical play), No (kyrical play), Tanka (31-syllable poem)
5. Dignified Social Customs such as Cha-no-yu (tea drinking ceremony) and Ikebana (flower arrangement)
6. Landscape Gardening
7. Manly Sports such as Judo (art of self-defense), Kendo, (fencing) Sumo (wrestling)

Marissa D. Verdadero
BSIT-1ST YEAR

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