Two articles for Philippine History - Prelim Requirement

Click the link to read each article. You may download them and print the articles or read them online.

SOCIAL SCIENCE DILIMAN (December 2010) 6:2, 79-99

What is Social Science Diliman?
As stated in their website, Social Science Diliman is “an internationally refereed semi-annual journal for the social sciences. It is bilingual (English and Filipino) and both disciplinal and multidisciplinary.” It is published by the Research Dissemination and Utilization Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research and Development of the University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City.

The legal origins of the embryonic Philippine Republic can be traced back over 500 years to a series of papal issuances known as the “Declaration of Alexander,” which provided the Spanish Crown with legal authority to acquire territory overseas. By the time Miguel Lopez de Legazpi arrived in 1565, Spain had already garnered much experience in the management and exploitation of its colonial possessions. King Philip II wanted to prevent a repeat of the brutal conquests in the Americas that belied Spanish attempts to legitimate its colonial enterprise in the name of Christianity. The Manila Synod of 1582 formulated a novel theory upon which Spain staked its legal claim to sovereignty over the Philippine Islands. Through baptism, natives were deemed to have become subjects of the Pope’s spiritual sovereignty while remaining subjects of their own local leaders. The Pope delegated his sovereign powers to the Crown, and the Crown and its subordinates felt legally empowered to promulgate laws deemed necessary, an arrangement some native leaders purportedly agreed to. But many indios resisted. As such Spain never technically acquired full sovereignty over the entire archipelago.

SOCIAL SCIENCE DILIMAN (January 2008-December 2009) 5:1-2, 26-82

What is Social Science Diliman?
As stated in their website, Social Science Diliman is “an internationally refereed semi-annual journal for the social sciences. It is bilingual (English and Filipino) and both disciplinal and multidisciplinary.” It is published by the Research Dissemination and Utilization Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research and Development of the University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City.

The Calatagan Pot, with an inscription around its rim, is one of the very few existing archeological evidences of ancient writing in the Philippines. It was discovered in Calatagan, Batangas under uncontrolled conditions and bought by the Philippine National Museum in 1961. Having eluded scientific efforts at decipherment since that time, the current paper proposes a strategy which combines traditional palaeographic techniques and cryptographic methods. By means of this procedure, a tentative decipherment of the inscription has been constructed. The experimental results show that the ancient inscription may be a spell or charm in a central Philippine language with a Javanese admixture.


July 21, 2011 (Thursday), until 6:00 PM only for Thursday class 

July 22, 2011 (Friday), until 7:00 PM only for Friday class

Take note: Article reviews must be HANDWRITTEN on yellow papers (3 pages each article).

Resources on how to make a good article reviews:

Click the link to read each article. You may download them and print the articles or read them online.


SOCIAL SCIENCE DILIMAN (January 2008-December 2009) 5:1-2, 107-127

What is Social Science Diliman?
As stated in their website, Social Science Diliman is “an internationally refereed semi-annual journal for the social sciences. It is bilingual (English and Filipino) and both disciplinal and multidisciplinary.” It is published by the Research Dissemination and Utilization Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research and Development of the University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City.

The fundamental position of the Philippines regarding the extent of its territorial and maritime boundaries is based on two contentious premises: first, that the limits of its national territory are the boundaries laid down in the 1898 Treaty of Paris which ceded the Philippines from Spain to the United States; and second, that all the waters embraced within these imaginary lines are its territorial waters. The position of the Philippine Government is contested in the international community and runs against rules in the Law of the Sea Convention, which the Philippines signed and ratified. This situation poses two fundamental unresolved issues of conflict: first, is the issue on the breadth of its territorial sea, and second, its treatment of supposed archipelagic waters as internal waters. The twin issues of the legal status of the Philippine Treaty Limits and its extensive historic claims to territorial waters have been subject of much academic debate and serious criticisms. The delimitation of Philippine territorial and maritime boundaries in conformity with international law necessitates the reform of the existing national legal, policy and administrative framework to resolve fundamental issues of conflict between domestic legislation and international law. This paper, proceeding from both a national and an international legal perspective, aims to clarify the legal status of the Philippine Treaty Limits and territorial waters claim in international law.



SOCIAL SCIENCE DILIMAN (January 2008-December 2009) 5:1-2, 107-127

What is Social Science Diliman?
As stated in their website, Social Science Diliman is “an internationally refereed semi-annual journal for the social sciences. It is bilingual (English and Filipino) and both disciplinal and multidisciplinary.” It is published by the Research Dissemination and Utilization Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research and Development of the University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City.

This article explores the similarities and differences concerning the extent to which electoral politics addresses the concerns of Basque and Moro nationalism.  These demands mainly focus on the factors that have brought about their political, cultural and, for the Moros, also economic marginalization.  In terms of similarities, electoral politics in the form of plebiscites and referendums are used to gauge the sentiments of the Basques and the Moros with regards to approving a national constitution with provisions affecting them as well as the establishment of an autonomous region for the Moros and the strengthening of a federal form of government in the case of the Basques.  Elections are also used to choose their leaders at the local, provincial, regional and national levels.  As for the differences, among the major ones are the following:   One is that electoral politics in the Basque region mirrors the class divide in society and reflects the interests of the constituencies.  This is not the case in Muslim Mindanao whereby patronage politics rules and electoral results are generally dictated by the Muslim elites who have close ties with the national elites. And secondly, the ideological bias of the elected leader and his political power in Spain has a direct impact on Basque nationalism. In the case of the Philippines, it is the personality of the elected leader that determines whether peace negotiations will be pursued or not.  But this does not impact on national or local electoral politics as in the case of Spain.


July 21, 2011 (Thursday), until 6:00 PM only for Thursday class 
July 22, 2011 (Friday), until 7:00 PM for Friday class

Take note: Article reviews must be HANDWRITTEN on yellow papers (3 pages each article).

1st Monthly Students' Fellowship 2011

Classes are suspended today

Classes are suspended today at The Fisher Valley College, both in the C5 and Main Campuses, due to typhoon FALCON. Students are advised to stay at home to avoid any accidents and always listen to your radios, watch TV news, or read newspapers for any updates on the typhoon. 

Happy weekend, guys!

Classes suspended starting 12:00pm onwards today

Due to typhoon Falcon, management of The Fisher Valley College declares SUSPENSION OF CLASSES today, both in C5 and Main campuses, from 12:00pm onwards. Students are advised to go home for safety. 

1. Ano ang masining na pakikipagtalastasan? Sa papaanong paraan masasabi mo na ang isang pakikipagtalastasan ay masining o hindi masining?

2. Ibigay ang katuturan ng wika. Mas nanaisin mo ba na ang wikang ginagamit ng mga Pilipino sa ngayon ay Ingles/Espanyol kaysa sa wikang Filipino? Panindigan ang iyong sagot. 

3. Ano ang kaugnayan ng wikang Filipino sa kaunlaran ng ating bansa? Magbigay ng mga halimbawa.
1. What is NSTP? Discuss the three components of NSTP.

2. What is the importance of studying this course to you as a student? 

3. If the Congress of the Philippines declares war against China, would you be willing to sacrifice your life in defending our territory?
1. If you were an economic adviser to the President of the Philippines, what will you suggest or propose to President Noynoy Aquino to alleviate the economic conditions of the Filipinos?

2. Define economics. What is the significance of studying economics to you as a student?

3. If we say that resources are scarce, how would we able to meet or satisfy the unlimited needs and wants of the Filipinos? Give at least three (3) examples/suggestions by which we could satisfy our needs and wants using our scarce resources without sacrificing the environment and the health of the people.
1. Select ONE issue in the Philippines today and provide some details, e.g. the Spratlys. What is your stand on the issue?

2. Philippines has been colonized by foreign powers such as Spaniards, the Americans, and Japanese. If the Philippines failed to gain her independence, this nation might a province or colony of another country today. As a student of this course and as a Filipino citizen, do you think what our heroes have fought for before (freedom and independence) are worth dying for as stated by Ninoy Aquino? Are we Filipinos worth dying for? 

3. If you are going to rate the performance of President Aquino from 1.0 to 5.0 (1.0-excellent, 3.0-passing, and 5.0-failed), what will be your rating? 

Assignment No. 1 in Philippine History (1st Semester, AY 2011-2012)

1. Trace the history/development of the word HISTORY. Where did it come from? Who coined the term? 

2. Why do we need to study PHILIPPINE HISTORY? What is the significance of history in the development of national consciousness of the Filipino nation?

3. Select one theory on the origin of the Filipinos. Who is the proponent of your selected theory? Discuss the details.

Assignment No. 1 in General Psychology (1st Sem, AY 2011-2012)

Watch the two videos about psychology on YouTube then answer the following questions that follow. You may click the links below to watch the videos in YouTube.

1. What type of processes were added to the scientific study of behavior in 1970?

2. What type of psychology overlaps with computer science?

3. What are the two main branches of Psychology?

4.What does “Publish or Perish” mean?

5. What is the biggest basic area in psychology?

6. What are the four goals of psychology?

Assignment No. 1 in Rizal's Life and Works (1st Sem, AY 2011-2012)

1. Read the following laws concerning the implementation of Rizal Law and other related matters. Then answer the questions that follow. Click each law/directive to read it online. 

Rizal Laws:


a. What is the importance of studying the life, works, and writings of Dr. Jose P. Rizal to you as a student and as a Filipino citizen?

b. Given the premise that Rizal is the national hero of the Philippines, do you think "Rizal's Life and Works" subject should be taught MANDATORY in all schools? Think as if RA 1425 does not yet exist. Justify your position.

2. Read the article written by Ambeth Ocampo titled “The fight over the Rizal Law” in Philippine Daily Inquirer on May 4, 2007. Write a commentary on his article.

Course Syllabus in General Psychology, 1st Semester AY 2011-2012

1st Semester, A.Y. 2011-2012

Course Code                            : SS102

Course Title                               : GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY

Course Credits                          : 3 units

Class Schedule and Room         : Wednesday, 10:00AM-1:00PM, Room 101
                                                  Wednesday, 1:00PM-4:00PM, Room 101
Course Instructor                       : Marlon B. Raquel
                                                  Master of Arts in Demography (continuing), UP Diliman
  Bachelor of Arts in Social Sciences (Political Science), UP Tacloban

Consultation Hours                    : WTh, 4:00PM-6:00PM/Sat, 7:00AM-3:00PM at the Faculty Room
                                                  Or by appointment, email me at

Contact Numbers                      : 553-9187 (C5); 839-1903 (Main) 

Class Website                           :                                         

This course is an introduction to psychology – a scientific study of human behavior, thought, and emotions which focuses on basic concepts, principles, and issues. Topics include the history of psychology and its relation to other fields of studies, biological basis of human behavior, sensation and perception, consciousness, learning, memory, intelligence, personality development, motivation and emotion, stress and health, social psychology, and abnormal psychology.


At the end of the semester, you should be able to learn the following four Ds (4Ds):
  1. Demonstrate an understanding of the historical foundations of psychology and its development;
  2. Describe the basic concepts, theories, and principles of psychology;
  3. Discuss the basic human processes such as motivation, learning, and personality and human development; and
  4. Develop a better understanding of many facets of humanity including you and the others.  


One (1) semester is equivalent to eighteen (18) weeks, or its equivalent of normally six (6) school days a week, or one hundred (100) days (CHED Memorandum Order No. 40, Series of 2008).

Session #1       INTRODUCTION
Distribution of Course Syllabus and Orientation
                        Definition, Goals, History, and Branches of Psychology
                        The Relation of Psychology with Other Sciences

                        The Scientific Method
                        Research Methods and Statistics
                        Ethics in Research
Short Quiz #1: Session 1 Topics and Course Syllabus

                        The Human Brain
                        The Nervous System
                        Transmitters and Reflex Responses
                        Heredity vs. Environment
Session #4       SENSATION
                        Vision and Audition
                        Vestibular System: Balance
                        Touch and Pain
                        Senses and Receptors
                        Sensory Cortex
                        Loss of Sensation
Short Quiz #2: Sessions 2 and 3 Topics


Session #6       PERCEPTION
                        Features and Theories of perception
                        Perceptual Thresholds
                        Sensation vs. Perception
                        Depth Perception
                        Extrasensory Perception (ESP)

Short Quiz #3: Session 4 Topics

                        Continuum of Consciousness
                        Altered States of Consciousness
                        World of Sleep
                        World of Dreams
                        Problems with Sleeping

Short Quiz #4: Session 6 Topics

Session #8       LEARNING
                         Definition of Learning
                        Classical Conditioning
                        Operant Conditioning
                        Cognitive Learning
                        Limits of Learning

Session #9       MEMORY
                        Definition and Types of Memory
                        Short Term Memory vs. Long Term Memory
                        Repressed Memories
                        Unusual Memories

Short Quiz #5: Sessions 7 and 8 Topics

                        Nature of Thinking
                        Definition and Theories of Intelligence
                        General Characteristics of Intelligence
                        Problems of IQ Testing
Levels of Intelligence
                        Mentally Retarded and Gifted

Short Quiz #6: Session 9 Topics

                        Theories of Personality
                        Personality Assessment                       

                        Definition, Types, and Theories of Motivation
                        Biological and Social Human Needs
                        Sexual Behavior
                        Definition and Theories or Emotion
                        Emotional Intelligence
                        Functions of Emotions
                        Universal Facial Expression
                        Happiness vs. Joy
                        Emotions across Cultures around the World

Short Quiz #7: Sessions 11, 12 and 13 Topics


                        Intrapersonal Phenomena
                                    Attitudes and Persuasion
                                    Social Cognition
                       Cognitive Dissonance
                       Interpersonal Phenomena
                                    Social Influence
                       Group Dynamics
                       Interpersonal Relations
                       Interpersonal Attractions

                        Relationship between Health and Stress
                        Physiological Responses
                        Personality and Social Factors
                        Kinds of Coping
                        Stress Management

                        Abnormal Behavior
                        Anxiety Disorders
                        Mood Disorders
                        Personality Disorders
                        Sexuality Disorders

Short Quiz #8: Sessions 15, 16 and 17 Topics



Note: Submissions of academic papers and assignments beyond the deadlines will not be entertained/accepted/approved!

Major Exams – Four (4) major exams are usually given in a semester – prelim, midterm, pre-final and final exams. However, in this class no written prelim and pre-final tests will be given; only preliminary and final exams. There are other requirements you need to submit in lieu of the midterm and final exams which will be discussed below.

No prelim exam will be administered to you in this class. Instead, you will be submitting a Graphic Organizer in Psychology. A Graphic Organizer in Psychology is a mind map or a web of concepts explaining key words or points in psychology that we will discuss each session. You will be compiling different pictures or cut-outs from newspapers or magazines which could explain a particular concept. You may also write a song, poem, a short saying or statement similar to “tweet” of Twitter. In a short bond paper (or any clean, similar paper as long as it is 8.8” x 11”), paste the pictures and write a caption just below it. You can be creative in this task. You may use sign pens, crayons, colored papers, and other art materials, just make sure that you would be able to explain the pictures or cut-outs using different psychological concepts in each of the 8 major topics (from Session 1 to Session 9). There will be two deadlines of submission here. The first part (covering Sessions 1-4) of your Graphic Organizer will be presented on July 13 (Wednesday), 2011 until 6:00PM and for the second part (covering Sessions 6-9), on August 17 (Wednesday), 2011 until 6:00PM for both classes.

For the midterm exam (2-3 pages), a combination of different types of tests will be given such as multiple-choice questions, enumeration, true-or-false questions, essays, etc.  This will be a 100-point test. The midterm exam will be administered on August 17, 2011 (Wednesday).  

For the pre-final period, you are required to submit an academic paper. This will give you additional exposure to different undertakings in the field of psychology. Throughout this course, you will study and learn many different aspects of psychology – concepts, theories, issues and problems. Information from texts, lectures, online readings, and group discussions will enhance your knowledge on the development of mental processes and human behavior and how these affect individuals and the society in general. Think now of how you can apply all these in your own life. 

You will be writing a 1,500-word academic paper about your own life considering the following questions:
1. What are the three most influential factors that shaped your personality? Explain the reasons of choosing them. Do you think your personality has changed over the years? Explain in detail. You may want to include your experiences at home, with your friends, in school, and other people.
2. Select at least three theories or principles in psychology which would support the significance of these factors in your development as a person. Explain each theory clearly.

3. Do you think your understanding of the concepts, theories, principles, and research methodologies in this course help you in the future? In what way your increased knowledge in psychology help you as a person – as a member of your family, as a student, a friend, and as a Filipino citizen – and in your future career? Discuss in some detail.

I strongly suggest using the American Psychological Association (APA) Style in writing your research paper. Use 8.5” by 11” bond paper; font size should be 12 if you use Times New Roman or 11-point size if you use Arial (Don’t use other font type!); one inch in all margins; double space; and with a title page. Contents of the research paper, e.g., format, will be discussed to you on the first class session. Submission is on or before September 14 (Wednesday), 2011 until 6:00PM for both classes.

For the final exam (2-3 pages), questions will be composed of multiple-choice and essay questions. Coverage includes but not limited to the questions on short quizzes and the midterm exam. Date of the final examination is on October 12 (Wednesday), 2011 for both classes.

Short Quizzes There will be eight (8) short quizzes to be given for the entire semester. All questions are objective type. Questions could be enumeration, multiple choice, or true-or-false. No essay or definition of terms will be given. Each quiz consists of not less than 10 items but not more than 20 items. They will be given right after the lecture-discussion but the topics covered are those that have been discussed two weeks before. This type of test will measure your memory. Please be aware of the dates of the short quizzes.

Online Assignments – Four assignments will be given to you throughout the duration of the course. Assignments will be available two weeks before the deadline on our class website at Look for the link with the heading “ASSIGNMENT, i.e, Assignment No. 1, Assignment No. 2, Assignment No. 3 and Assignment No. 4” then click “General Psychology.” Deadlines of submission are indicated below. You cannot submit your answers beyond the deadlines.

                        Assignment 1                            9 July 2011, 11:59PM
                        Assignment 2                            13 August 2011, 11:59PM
                        Assignment 3                            10 September 2011, 11:59PM
                        Assignment 4                            8 October 2011, 11:59PM

Class Participation – Class participation will measure your involvement during discussions. This class is not designed for a one-way process; this is a two-way communication. Therefore, recitation is of vital importance. If there is something that is not clear to you, you better ask. You are free to disagree with me or your classmates even at the middle of my lecture. Exercise your freedom of expression. Just make sure you are able to defend and justify your position.


Midterm Grade:                                                 Final Period Grade:
Graphic Organizer – 30%                                   Academic Paper – 30%
Research Paper – 30%                                      Final Exam – 30%
2 Online Assignments – 15%                              2 Online Assignments – 15%
4 Quizzes – 15%                                                4 Quizzes – 15%
Class Participation – 10%                                  Class Participation – 10%

FINAL GRADE = Midterm Grade (40%) + Final Period Grade (60%)
*** Final grades will be posted online. Check out
TWO WEEKS after the final examination period ***


The moment you enrolled in the college, you agree to submit yourself to the school policies. Academic institutions are not social clubs; we have rules to follow.

Attendance – It is your responsibility to come to class on our schedule and on time. I will be checking your attendance regularly. Inform me early if you will be late or if you will leave early. Any one who gets a perfect attendance will receive 0.25-point bonus on the FINAL GRADE. Perfect attendance means being present in all class sessions. Those with excused absences will not be given the bonus grade.

A student who has incurred 11 hours of absences in a 3-unit subject during the regular semester shall be dropped from the roll and given a failing grade (Article VIII, College Student Handbook: The Fisher Valley College). The 5th absence will qualify you to receive a W/F (withdrawal failure) mark equivalent to a grade of 5.0. Necessary warnings will be given to you with excessive absences and names of students who have incurred 4 or more absences will be reported to the Associate College Director so that necessary notice can be given to the parents/guardian (No. 4, Policy Guidelines for Faculty). 

Three (3) tardiness marks would mean one (1) day of absence. A student who leaves the classroom and stay out for the duration of the class period without the professor’s permission shall be marked “absent” (Article VIII, College Student Handbook: The Fisher Valley College). However, don't use this as an excuse for you to come to class late. This time allowance has been designed for working students and those who have children to take care of before going to school. Unavoidable circumstances like traffic are also given consideration. 

Cellphone and Other Electronic Gadgets Policy – I strongly discourage you using your cellphones, laptops, and other similar gadgets while we are having class discussions. It does not only distract me; it is also annoying to your classmates who are listening to my lectures. You are expected to demonstrate respect to everyone and avoid disruptive behaviors.

Make-up Exams – I do not give make-up exams EXCEPT for serious illness or death in the family. Do not make other commitments on the scheduled dates of examinations. If you have your examination permit signed by the authorized school authorities and you fail to take the exam, you will get a grade of 60% or 5.0 on that particular exam. Failure to take the final examination because of unpaid tuition fee, on the other hand, would mean an INC grade. There is NO EXEMPTION.

Academic IntegrityYou are expected to maintain academic integrity at all times. Avoid cheating during quizzes and examinations. When you cheat, you are making a contribution to the degradation of the quality of your college education. Plagiarism will not be tolerated as well. In every academic paper you submit, make sure that you cite properly the authors/institutions of your references. Claiming something as your own when you actually copied it from someone is a clear violation. Hiring someone to do your assignments, research papers, or other related works is also an offense to academic integrity. Any violation committed will have a corresponding disciplinary action as outlined in the College Student Handbook.

Index Cards - You are required to submit an index card no later than the 3rd class meeting containing the following information:

    1. Last Name, Given Name, Middle Name
    2. Student Number, Course, and Section
    3. Address (Provincial and Metro Manila)
    4. Contact Numbers (Landline, Cellular Phone, Email Address, Personal Website)
    5. Include a 1” x 1” recent photo PASTED (NOT STAPLED) on the upper right corner of the index card. 
a.       All exams, quizzes, and assignments
b.      Attendance record

If you follow all these policies, you will surely survive in all of my subjects.


Myers, David G. (2007). Psychology (8th Edition). New York: Worth Publishers


            Atkinson, Rita et al (1990). Introduction to Psychology. Florida: Harcourt

Kahayon, A. H. & Aquino, G. V. (1999). General Psychology. Mandaluyong City: National Book Store

Plotnik, Rod (2000). Introduction to Psychology (6th Edition). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth- Thompson Learning

Sanchez, Custodiosa, et. al. (2002). General Psychology. Manila: Rex Bookstore, Inc.

Newspapers, websites, movies, and articles/research papers

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