1st Semester, A.Y. 2011-2012

Course Code                            : SS101

Course Title                               : PHILIPPINE HISTORY WITH POLITICS AND GOVERNANCE/
Course Credits                          : 3 units

Class Schedule and Room         : Thursday, 10:00AM-1:00PM (C5), Room 102
                                                  Friday, 4:00PM-7:00PM (Main), Room 305
Course Instructor                       : Marlon B. Raquel
                                                  Master of Arts in Demography (continuing), UP Diliman
  Bachelor of Arts in Social Sciences (Political Science), UP Tacloban

Consultation Hours                    : WTh, 4:00PM-6:00PM/Sat, 7:00AM-3:00PM at the Faculty Room
                                                  Or by appointment, email me at

Contact Numbers                      : 553-9187 (C5); 839-1903 (Main) 

Class Website                           :                                         


This course covers a comprehensive study of Philippine history – pre-colonial, colonial, and post-colonial periods, and the development, organization, and operation of the Philippine political system with emphasis on the present.


At the end of the semester, you should be able to:
1. Recognize and appreciate the importance of study of Philippine history;
2. Understand the fundamental concepts, theories and issues in Philippine politics and governance and the systematic frameworks and tools of political analysis;
3. Acquire knowledge and understanding on the history of Philippine government, politics, and society as a key to unraveling the present structure and dynamics of Philippine political system; and
4. Develop an interest in the political system equipped with knowledge on his/her rights, duties, and responsibilities as a member of the Philippine society.


One (1) semester is equivalent to eighteen (18) weeks, or its equivalent of normally six (6) school days a week, or one hundred (100) days (CHED Memorandum Order No. 40, Series of 2008).

Session #1       INTRODUCTION
Course Orientation and Discussion of Syllabus
Introduction to the terms HistoryPolitics, Government, and Governance
History as a Social Science and Its Relation to Other Fields of Discipline
Understanding History and Sources of Historical Data
Importance of Studying Philippine History
The Philippines in the 21st Century: Facts and Figures
Political and Economic History and Geography
The Present Social and Economic Situation
Population, Religion, Culture, and Ideology
The Philippine Constitution

Short Quiz #1: Session 1 Topics and Course Syllabus

                        How the Earth Was Formed
                        Theories on the Origin of the Philippines and the Filipinos
The Setting – Geographical Features of the Philippines
Pre-Colonial Culture, Customs, and Practices of Traditional Communities

Session #4       THE SPANISH PERIOD
                        The Age of Discovery and Exploration of New Lands
                        How the Philippines was Rediscovered by Magellan
                        The Spanish Expeditions
                        The Hispanization of the Native Filipinos
                        Political, Economic, Religious, and Socio-Cultural Aspects of Spanish Colonization

Short Quiz #2: Sessions 2 and 3 Topics

                        Struggle for Rights and Freedom: Revolts, Causes, and Effects
                        The Philippine Revolution of 1896
The Malolos Constitution
                        The First Republic: Proclamation of Philippine Independence in Kawit, Cavite
                        The Administration of Emilio Aguinaldo
                        The Spanish-American and the Filipino-American Wars

Short Quiz #3: Session 4 Topics

Session #7       THE AMERICAN PERIOD
Religious Schism
The Philippines under US Imperialism
                        The Campaign for Independence
                        Filipinization of the Legislature
                        The Commonwealth Government in Preparation for Self-Governance
The 1935 Constitution
                        The Administration of Manuel Quezon
                        The Administration of Sergio Osmena
                        The American Legacy

Short Quiz #4: Session 6 Topics

Session #8       THE JAPANESE PERIOD                     
The American-Japanese War
The Philippines under the Japanese Military Government
The Second Republic under the 1943 Japanese-sponsored Constitution
The Administration of Jose Laurel
Resistance and Liberation of the Philippines

Session #9       THE THIRD REPUBLIC
The Administration of Manuel A. Roxas
The Administration of Elpidio Quirino
The Administration of Ramon Magsaysay
The Administration of Carlos P. Garcia
The Administration of Diosdado Macapagal

Short Quiz #5: Sessions 7 and 8 Topics


            The Administration of Ferdinand E. Marcos
                        The Martial Law Period
                        The 1973 Constitution
                        The Parliamentary Form of Government
                        The 1986 People Power (EDSA 1)
The Administration of Corazon “Cory”Aquino
            The Provisional Government and the Provisional Constitution

Short Quiz #6: Session 9 Topics

                        The 1987 Constitution
The Administration of Fidel V. Ramos
The Administration of Joseph “Erap” Estrada
            The 2001 People Power (EDSA 2)
            The Impeachment of Erap
The Administration of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
                                    The “People Power 3 (EDSA 3)”
                                    Legitimacy of Arroyo Government in Question
                                    “Hello Garci?”, NBN-ZTE Deal, and Other Government Scandals
                                    The Impeachment Attempts Against the President                                  

The Administration of Benigno Simeon “Noynoy” Aquino

Short Quiz #7: Sessions 11, 12 and 13 Topics


                        The Three Branches of Government
Three Constitutional Commissions
                        Military, Bureaucracy and the Local Government

            The Citizens and the Public
Interest Groups, Social Movements, and Civil Society
Political Parties and Elections

                        The Reproductive Health (RH) Bill
                        Charter Change: From Presidential to Parliamentary/Unitary to Federalism
                        Divorce in the Philippines
                        Indigenous Communities, Women, and Environment
                        Gays in the Military and in the Government                    
                        The Spratly Islands and Sabah
                        Philippine Foreign Policy

Short Quiz #8: Sessions 15, 16 and 17 Topics



Note: Submissions of academic papers and assignments beyond the deadlines will not be entertained/accepted/approved!

Major Exams – Four (4) major exams are usually given in a semester – prelim, midterm, pre-final and final exams. However, in this class no prelim and pre-final tests will be given; only midterm and final exams will be administered to you. There are other requirements you need to submit in lieu of the prelim and pre-final exams which will be discussed below.

No prelim exam will be given. However, you are required to submit two (2) article reviews. Two articles dealing with Philippine History will be given to you on the second class meeting. You have three weeks to read the articles, re-read them, synthesize the writers’ points of view, and make your own analysis. Reviews must be HANDWRITTEN in yellow papers. Deadlines of submission:
For Thursday classes: July 14, 2011 until 6:00PM
            For Friday class: July 15, 2011 until 7:00PM

For the midterm exam (2-3 pages), a combination of different types of tests will be given such as multiple-choice questions, enumeration, true-or-false questions, essays, etc.  This will be a 100-point test. The midterm exam will be administered on:
For Thursday classes: August 18, 2011 (Thursday)
For Friday class: August 19, 2011 (Friday)  

Each student will participate in debates on certain historical issues in the country, e.g., Should the government reclaim Sabah from Malaysia? The class will be divided into several groups and each group needs to do research on assigned topics. Each team then prepares speeches which will be delivered on September 15, 2011 (Thursday) for Thursday classes and on September 16, 2011 (Friday) for Friday class. The mechanics of the debate will be discussed in the class. The British Parliamentary Style will be used. This debate is equivalent to your pre-final exam.

For the final exam (2-3 pages), questions will be composed of multiple-choice and essay questions. Coverage includes but not limited to the questions on short quizzes and the midterm exam. Date of the final examination is on October 13 (Thursday), 2011 for Thursday classes and for Friday class, October 14, 2011 (Friday).

Short Quizzes There will be eight (8) short quizzes to be given for the entire semester. All questions are objective type. Questions could be enumeration, multiple choice, or true-or-false. No essay or definition of terms will be given. Each quiz consists of not less than 10 items but not more than 20 items. They will be given right after the lecture-discussion but the topics covered are those that have been discussed two weeks before. This type of test will measure your memory. Please be aware of the dates of the short quizzes.

Online Assignments – Four assignments will be given to you throughout the duration of the course. Assignments will be available two weeks before the deadline on our class website at Look for the link with the heading “ASSIGNMENT, i.e, Assignment No. 1, Assignment No. 2, Assignment No. 3 and Assignment No. 4” then click “Philippine History.” Deadlines of submission are indicated below for both classes.

                        Assignment 1                            9 July 2011, 11:59PM
                        Assignment 2                            13 August 2011, 11:59PM
                        Assignment 3                            10 September 2011, 11:59PM
                        Assignment 4                            8 October 2011, 11:59PM

Class Participation – Class participation will measure your involvement during discussions. This class is not designed for a one-way process; this is a two-way communication. Therefore, recitation is of vital importance. If there is something that is not clear to you, you better ask. You are free to disagree with me or your classmates even at the middle of my lecture. Exercise your freedom of expression. Just make sure you are able to defend and justify your position.


Midterm Grade:                                                 Final Period Grade:
2 Reviews – 30%                                               Debate – 30%
Midterm Exam – 30%                                        Final Exam – 30%
2 Online Assignments – 15%                              2 Online Assignments – 15%
4 Quizzes – 15%                                                4 Quizzes – 15%
Class Participation – 10%                                  Class Participation – 10%

FINAL GRADE = Midterm Grade (40%) + Final Period Grade (60%)
*** Final grades will be posted online. Check out
TWO WEEKS after the final examination period ***


The moment you enrolled in the college, you agree to submit yourself to the school policies. Academic institutions are not social clubs; we have rules to follow.

Attendance – It is your responsibility to come to class on our schedule and on time. I will be checking your attendance regularly. Inform me early if you will be late or if you will leave early. Any one who gets a perfect attendance will receive 0.25-point bonus on the FINAL GRADE. Perfect attendance means being present in all class sessions. Those with excused absences will not be given the bonus grade.

A student who has incurred 11 hours of absences in a 3-unit subject during the regular semester shall be dropped from the roll and given a failing grade (Article VIII, College Student Handbook: The Fisher Valley College). The 5th absence will qualify you to receive a W/F (withdrawal failure) mark equivalent to a grade of 5.0. Necessary warnings will be given to you with excessive absences and names of students who have incurred 4 or more absences will be reported to the Associate College Director so that necessary notice can be given to the parents/guardian (No. 4, Policy Guidelines for Faculty). 

Three (3) tardiness marks would mean one (1) day of absence. A student who leaves the classroom and stay out for the duration of the class period without the professor’s permission shall be marked “absent” (Article VIII, College Student Handbook: The Fisher Valley College). However, don't use this as an excuse for you to come to class late. This time allowance has been designed for working students and those who have children to take care of before going to school. Unavoidable circumstances like traffic are also given consideration. 

Cellphone and Other Electronic Gadgets Policy – I strongly discourage you using your cellphones, laptops, and other similar gadgets while we are having class discussions. It does not only distract me; it is also annoying to your classmates who are listening to my lectures. You are expected to demonstrate respect to everyone and avoid disruptive behaviors.

Make-up Exams – I do not give make-up exams EXCEPT for serious illness or death in the family. Do not make other commitments on the scheduled dates of examinations. If you have your examination permit signed by the authorized school authorities and you fail to take the exam, you will get a grade of 60% or 5.0 on that particular exam. Failure to take the final examination because of unpaid tuition fee, on the other hand, would mean an INC grade. There is NO EXEMPTION.

Academic IntegrityYou are expected to maintain academic integrity at all times. Avoid cheating during quizzes and examinations. When you cheat, you are making a contribution to the degradation of the quality of your college education. Plagiarism will not be tolerated as well. In every academic paper you submit, make sure that you cite properly the authors/institutions of your references. Claiming something as your own when you actually copied it from someone is a clear violation. Hiring someone to do your assignments, research papers, or other related works is also an offense to academic integrity. Any violation committed will have a corresponding disciplinary action as outlined in the College Student Handbook.

Index Cards - You are required to submit an index card no later than the 3rd class meeting containing the following information:

    1. Last Name, Given Name, Middle Name
    2. Student Number, Course, and Section
    3. Address (Provincial and Metro Manila)
    4. Contact Numbers (Landline, Cellular Phone, Email Address, Personal Website)
    5. Include a 1” x 1” recent photo PASTED (NOT STAPLED) on the upper right corner of the index card. 
a.       All exams, quizzes, and assignments
b.      Attendance record

If you follow all these policies, you will surely survive in all of my subjects.


Agoncillo, Teodoro A. (1990). History of the Filipino People (Reprinted 2007). Quezon City: Garotech Publishing


Corpuz, Onofre D. (2006). The Roots of the Filipino Nation, Vols. 1 & 2. Quezon City: The University of the Philippines Press

De Leon, Hector S. (2005). Textbook on the Philippine Constitution (2005 edition). Reprinted September 2007. Quezon City: Rex Book Store, Inc.

Halili, Ma. Christine N. (2004) Philippine History. Reprinted February 2005. Quezon City: Rex Book Store, Inc.

Zaide, Sonia M. (2000). The Philippines: A Unique Nation, History of the Republic of the Philippines. Quezon City: All-Nations Publishing, Inc.

Newspapers, websites, movies, and articles/research papers


laila remot said...

1. Trace the history/development of the word HISTORY. Where did it come from? Who coined the term?
“History (from Greek ἱστορία - historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation"[2]) is the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. History can also mean the period of time after writing was invented. Scholars who write about history are called historians. It is a field of research which uses a narrative to examine and analyse the sequence of events, and it sometimes attempts to investigate objectively the patterns of cause and effect that determine events.[3][4] Historians debate the nature of history and its usefulness. This includes discussing the study of the discipline as an end in itself and as a way of providing "perspective" on the problems of the present.[3][5][6][7] The stories common to a particular culture, but not supported by external sources (such as the legends surrounding King Arthur) are usually classified as cultural heritage rather than the "disinterested investigation" needed by the discipline of history.[8][9] Events of the past prior to written record are considered prehistory.” (Wikipedia, 2012)
“Amongst scholars, the fifth century BC Greek historian Herodotus is considered to be the "father of history", and, along with his contemporary Thucydides, forms the foundations for the modern study of history. Their influence, along with other historical traditions in other parts of their world, have spawned many different interpretations of the nature of history which has evolved over the centuries and are continuing to change. The modern study of history has many different fields including those that focus on certain regions and those which focus on certain topical or thematical elements of historical investigation. Often history is taught as part of primary and secondary education, and the academic study of history is a major discipline in University studies.” (Wikipedia, 2012)
‘Ancient Greek ἱστορία means "inquiry" or "knowledge from inquiry", from ἵστωρ (hístōr) "judge" (from the Proto-Indo-European agent noun *wid-tor: "one who knows").[10] It was in that sense that Aristotle used the word in his Περὶ Τὰ Ζῷα Ἱστορίαι[11] (Perì Tà Zôa Ηistoríai "Inquiries about Animals"). The ancestor word ἵστωρ is attested early on in Homeric Hymns, Heraclitus, the Athenian ephebes' oath, and in Boiotic inscriptions (in a legal sense, either "judge" or "witness", or similar).” (Wikipedia, 2012)
It was still in the Greek sense that Francis Bacon used the term in the late 16th century, when he wrote about "Natural History". For him, historia was "the knowledge of objects determined by space and time", that sort of knowledge provided by memory (while science was provided by reason, and poetry was provided by fantasy). (Wikipedia, 2012)
The word entered the English language in 1390 with the meaning of "relation of incidents, story". In Middle English, the meaning was "story" in general. The restriction to the meaning "record of past events" arises in the late 15th century. In German, French, and most Germanic and Romance languages, the same word is still used to mean both "history" and "story". The adjective historical is attested from 1661, and historic from 1669.(Wikipedia, 2012)

Submitted to: Mr. Marlon B. Raquel

Submitted by: Laila R. Remot

laila remot said...

Historian in the sense of a "researcher of history" is attested from 1531. In all European languages, the substantive "history" is still used to mean both "what happened with men", and "the scholarly study of the happened", the latter sense sometimes distinguished with a capital letter, "History", or the word historiography.(Wikipedia, 2012)
2. Why do we need to study PHILIPPINE HISTORY? What is the significance of history in the development of national consciousness of the Filipino nation?
We need to study our own history in order to know our rich heritage and learn from the mistakes of the past. As Confucius once said: “If you know the past you will divine the future, or as George Santayana would have it: If you don’t learn the lessons of history, you shall be condemned to repeat it. By knowing our history we heighten our sense of patriotism and nationalism as we learned the past of the heroism of our forefathers and martyrdom of our heroes.
3. Select one theory on the origin of the Filipinos. Who is the proponent of your selected theory? Discuss the details.
Dr.H.Otley Beyer, A famous american anthropologist. According to him, waves of people came to Philippines from Asian Peninsula, led by the Negritos,Indonesians and Malays. F.Lacanda Jocano, a Filipino anthropologist, also gave his own theory. According to him, the Philippines was once connected to the greater part of Southeast Asia.(, 2012)

Submitted to: Mr. Marlon B. Raquel

Submitted by: Laila R. Remot

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