Assignment No. 1 in Fundamentals of Sociology (Summer)

 Click the source of the photo.

Go over different websites that feature indigenous peoples in the Philippines, e.g., of the National Commission for Indigenous Peoples at, Indigenous Peoples in the Philippines at You may use search engines like Google then type “Philippine tribes” or “Philippine indigenous peoples.”

Select two tribes (e.g., Manobo and Badjao), study their customs and traditions, then make a description of these communities taking into consideration the following questions.

·         Are there any elements of those societies which make you comfortable and uncomfortable? What are those cultural elements? Why?

·         Is your idea of a “tribe” complements with that of government and NGOs definitions? Explain clearly.  

Note: At least 300 words


Anonymous said...

-The Igorot form two subgroups: the larger group lives in the south, central and western areas, and is very adept at rice-terrace farming; the smaller group lives in the east and north. The tribal groups formerly practiced headhunting.

-Badjao, are an indigenous ethnic group of the southern Philippines. Due to escalated conflicts in their native Sulu Archipelago of the southern Philippines, many of the Bajau have migrated to neighboring Malaysia over the course of 50 years. Currently they are the second largest ethnic group in the state of Sabah, making up 13.4%

7 elements of culture

* social organization
* Customs and Tradition
* Language
* Arts and Literature
* Religion
* Form of Government
* Economic System

-A non-governmental organization (NGO) is any non-profit, voluntary citizens' group which is organized on a local, national or international level. Task-oriented and driven by people with a common interest, NGOs perform a variety of service and humanitarian functions, bring citizen concerns to Governments, advocate and monitor policies and encourage political particpation through provision of information. Some are organized around specific issues, such as human rights, environment or health. They provide analysis and expertise, serve as early warning mechanisms and help monitor and implement international agreements. Their relationship with offices and agencies of the United Nations system differs depending on their goals, their venue and the mandate of a particular institution.

Dan Matthew D. Docog
Akin po to. Thanks.

Marlon Raquel said...

Mr. Docog, are you enrolled in Fundamentals of Sociology? My record shows that you are enrolled in Rizal's Life and Works, not Sociology.

Anonymous said...

The Maranao Tribe

The Maranao Tribe is a large group in the Philippines that teaches Islam. Also known as the “People of the Lake” along with the other tribes such as the Ranao, Lanon, and Hiloona, the Maranaos settling in the Lake Lanao, the largest lake in the country.They are expert agriculturalist cultivating dry rice in the hills and wet rice in the plains, including food production, and planting of corn, sweet potato, coffee, cassava, and peanuts. A mosque and a torogan, the house of the ruler, are buildings that complete Maranao communities. Maranao culture of the South, the SAGAYAN FESTIVAL Also known as the Muslim War Dance, the Sagayan Festival, held in Tubod, is the official festival of Lanao del Norte. a cultural event where men clad in warrior-like costumes of three-tiered skirts, brightly-colored headgears, and carrying painted shields in details along with the kampilan or a double-bladed sword, accompanied by women also garbbed in colorful costumes performing the fan dance of graceful movements of their arms known as the kasiduratan. Warrior’s dance include movements such as leaping, turning, jumping, kicking, and movements compared to the drill of the warriors ready to face a battle, a way of showing masculinity. They move in a trance in which they believe would drive away evil spirits, and invite good fortune.

The Badjau Tribe

The Bajau have been a nomadic, seafaring people for most of their history. Many Bajau still practice that same lifestyle to this day, which explains why they are still commonly called "sea gypsies." They chart particularly the waters of the Sulu Sea, off the southwestern coast of the Philippines. From old to young, the Bajau are a colorful, festive and musical people. They believe they are descended from royalty. This is perhaps partly why they wear such richly colorful clothes, often made by hand of traditional dastar fabric. Brides and grooms wear even more colorful clothing at their wedding. The more highly regarded a woman is the more brightly and colorfully she will be dressed. She will also receive many water buffalo which, to the Bajau, is a special animal that usually forms part of any woman's dowry. Arranged marriages are common. Marriage by kidnap and elopement are also still quite frequent. Almost all Bajau today claim to be Sunni Muslim. They believe that among their people are direct descendants of the prophet Mohammed. Yet many - predominantly the seafaring, nomadic Bajau - retain spiritually based religious practices that pre-date any "major" religion. In their religion designated spirit mediums communicate with the spirit world in ritual ceremonies of celebration, worship and exorcism - in which, for example, spirit boats are sailed into the open seas to cast the offending spirit away from their community. They also worship the God of the sea, Omboh Dilaut.

These two tribes are both has a colorful and very rich culture, and as a Filipino is one thing that I should be proud of. Maranao tribes are land cultivating people, their ability to produce quality agricultural product are well known. While the Badjau Tribe is known to be sea gypsies, they spent most of their lives living on the sea. I guess I can compare them at their classes, but they are still both primitive..

Well there is one thing that I am not comfortable with is their practice of the arranged marriages, a woman has no right to choose to marry the man that she wanted.
When the time come they are been haggle to the men that has the ability or the enough wealth equivalent to the woman that he wanted to marry. So it means that if you don’t have the money you cannot buy your bride.

Gennie A. LLeno

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